Single-Family Housing Starts & Multifamily Permits Decline
December 20, 2022
According to the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), single-family housing starts fell in November, with the pace of construction down 32% since February when mortgage rates began to rise. Continued high construction costs, elevated interest rates, and flagging demand further eroded housing affordability. And, with the count of multifamily units under construction reaching a near 50-year high, multifamily permit growth is now weakening.
Overall, housing starts decreased 0.5% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 1.43 million units in November, according to a report from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Census Bureau.
The November reading of 1.43 million starts is the number of housing units builders would begin if development kept this pace for the next 12 months. Within this overall number, single-family starts decreased 4.1% to an 828,000 seasonally adjusted annual rate. Year-to-date, single-family starts are down 9.4%, while the multifamily sector increased 4.9% to an annualized 599,000 pace.
“It’s no surprise that single-family starts are running at their lowest level since May 2020, given that builder sentiment has dropped for 12 consecutive months as builders remain fixated on rising building material costs and supply chain bottlenecks, with electrical transformers in particular being in short supply,” said Jerry Konter, chairman of the NAHB and a home builder and developer from Savannah, Georgia.
“One important characteristic of the single-family housing market is that there have been more single-family homes that completed construction than have been started over the past four months,” added NAHB Chief Economist Robert Dietz. “The most recent data for November shows there were 25,500 more single-family homes completed than started, thus pushing down the number of new homes under construction.”
On a regional and year-to-date basis, combined single-family and multifamily starts are 1.3% higher in the Northeast, 0.8% higher in the Midwest, 0.6% higher in the South and 7.0% lower in the West.
Overall, the NAHB stated permits have decreased 11.2% to a 1.34 million unit annualized rate in November. Single-family permits decreased 7.1% to a 781,000 unit rate, and multifamily permits decreased 16.4% to an annualized 561,000 pace — the lowest reading for apartment permits since September 2021.
Looking at regional permit data on a year-to-date basis, permits are 5.6% lower in the Northeast, 0.5% lower in the Midwest, 0.6% lower in the South, and 6.5% lower in the West.
The number of multifamily units under construction for November is 932,000, which is the highest number since December 1973. Conversely, the number of single-family units under construction has fallen for 6 consecutive months, declining to 777,000 homes in November.